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Miscellaneous Notices to Mariners

7 Information from the Norwegian Coastal Administration

The Norwegian Coastal Administration (NCA) is managed by the Coastal Director and head office of the agency. The regions perform operational tasks and shared task on behalf of Coastal Director. NCA has eight operating units: five regions, shipping, emergency centre and head office.

Read more about the Norwegian Coastal Administration at kystverket.no.

7.1 Norwegian List of Lights

The latest issue of the Norwegian list of lights (Fyrlisten) was issued in 2016 and supersedes all previous editions.

A digital version of the Norwegian list of lights is updated every morning. You can download the continuously updated Norwegian list of lights as a pdf at kystverket.no.

The Norwegian list of lights (Fyrlisten) describes maritime navigation marks which emit light signals on land and at sea, as well as information about other aids to navigation.

7.2 Buoys and Beacons

Most of the navigation aids along the coast are automated and without security. It is therefore essential that seafarers notify Norwegian Coastal Agency (NCA) of irregularities in navigation systems. Other acute and/or unexpected events that may be of danger to shipping must also be reported.

Examples of acute and/or unexpected events are drifting objects, undescended high voltage cable, stranded ships, sunk ships and drifting gear. Messages is sent to the the Norwegian Coastal Administration, which national coordinator for navigational warnings.

Mariners are advised that beacons must not be used for mooring. This can cause the beacon becomes damaged or out of position.

7.3 Racon

A modern Racon normally respond to both "X" and "S" frequency band radars. The range is dependent on the elevation of the radar antenna and of the transponder. Response intervals will vary depending on the characteristics of the racon. For example 18/30s means that the racon will respond for 18 seconds, and be nonresponsive for 12 seconds every 30 seconds.

A list of Racons on the Norwegian coast can be found in the Norwegian List of Lights.

Please report any discrepancies to the Norwegian Coastal Administration, which national coordinator for navigational warnings.

7.4 Floodlights (IB)

Floodlight has a steady yellow or white light that illuminate an area. This area can be an odd, rock, pier head, bridge piers or structure as a lantern is equipped.

The purpose of the diffuser is to provide the crew a certain effect of navigation at day, where one can better see and judge the distance to a restricted area and also see an illuminated daymark even though it is dark. Often this amplified using reflectors and/or white colour.

7.5 NCA Maintenance Vessels

To be able to perform their work, it is sometimes necessary for the Norwegian Coastal Administration's maintenance vessels to moor beside navigational aids. During these operations, these maintenance vessels will have restricted ability to maneuver, and the crew may be conducting dangerous operations.

In order to avoid injury and damage, other vessels are requested to give these maintenance vessels as wide a berth as possible when passing them and to reduce speed accordingly.

Navigational warning system

The navigational warnings are transmitted over the coastal radio by telephony and NAVTEX, and they provide mariners with notices of incidents/conditions that are hazardous to shipping.

Report Irregularities and Obstructions

Many of the navigational aids along the coast are automated and unmanned. It is therefore important that mariners notify the Norwegian Coastal Administration of any irregularities in the navigational installations.

Other acute and/or unexpected incidents that may be hazardous to shipping must also be reported. Examples of acute and/or unexpected incidents are drifting debris, fallen high voltage cables, grounded vessels, sunken vessels and drifting fishing equipment.

Reports shall be sent to the national navigational warning system (NAVCO):
Tel.: 22 42 23 31 (24 hrs.)
Fax: 22 41 04 91 (24 hrs.)
E-mail: navco@kystverket.no

Active navigation warnings

The Norwegian Coastal Administration (Kystverket) provide navigation alerts regarding marine conditions affecting navigation at sea.

General Navigation Warnings

Norway, through The Norwegian Coastal Administration, is involved in international cooperation on navigational warnings. The Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS) provides information on shipping and the communication of emergencies to increase safety at sea. GMDSS includes security notifications including World-Wide Navigational Warning Service (WWNWS) alerts.The UN Maritime Organization IMO (International Maritime Organization) manages WWNWS. IMO regulates the entire alert service, in terms of both irregularities and events to be notified, and the type and format alerts take.

The Navigation Warning Sysytem (WWNWS) Includes:

  • NAVAREA Warnings – Maritime Safety messages sent by Safety
  • Net satellite (INMARSAT)
  • Coastal Warnings - NAVTEX 518 KHz and Telephone
  • Local Warnings - NAVTEX 490 KHz and Telephone
  • NAVAREA warnings.NAVAREA Sea Warnings
  • Navigational warnings that only affect sea-going vessels

These alerts and warnings are broadcast from a satellite (SafetyNet) in English. For the Norwegian NAVAREA, NAVCO ensures that the content of the notification is forwarded to the United Kingdom, which is area coordinator for Navarea-1. The United Kingdom issues all NAVAREA alerts in NAVAREA-1 at the request of national coordinators in the area.

Coastal Warnings

A coastal warning is a navigational warning that is important to traffic along the Norwegian coast and in the fjords.

The warnings are distributed via Navtex in English and by telephone from the coast radio stations in English and Norwegian. The national coordinator (NAVCO) issues Norwegian coastal warnings. There are strict guidelines for what constitutes a coastal warning. Incidents must be of a sudden nature and pose a danger to shipping.

Notification of planned and non-critical events is made through the Norwegian Notice to Mariners (Efs).

Notification of events that are not a risk for shipping, but which endanger other constructions or life and health may be made through the Efs in special cases.

Local Warnings

Local Warnings are navigation warnings that only affect small vessels in areas outside the main fairways or warnings that do not come under the category of coastal warning, due to not being a danger to shipping and of a sudden nature.

For example, diving work is not a danger to shipping, but the diver may be at risk if the dive site is operated by vessels.

Local warnings on 490 KHz has not been launched in Norway (neither in Denmark or Sweden), but is used I the UK, Germany, Portugal and Iceland. The Coast Radio in Norway is registered and has received transmission codes. There are already Navtex receivers on the market that take both frequencies 518 og 490 KHz. As a test project, local warnings are sent out via telephone in special case.

The national coordinator (NAVCO) issues local warnings during normal office hours.

Navarea

Navarea-1 is divided into areas covered by Navtex-transmitters. Norway has five Navtex areas covered by the following stations: Svalbard (A), Vardø (V), Bodø (B), Ørlandet (N) og Rogaland (L).

7.7 Vessel Traffic Services

The VTS contact information is listed at the Norwegian Coastal Administration's website, kystverket.no.

Norway operates five Vessel Traffic Service Centres through the Norwegian Coastal Administration. These cover ship traffic along the Norwegian coast.

VTS Centres:

  • Fedje VTS
  • Kvitsøy VTS
  • Brevik VTS
  • Horten VTS
  • Vardø VTS

Read and download the document "Regulations relating to maritime traffic in specific waters" (English translation) at kystverket.no.

Read the regulations relating to maritime traffic in specific waters, Sjøtrafikkforskriften, in Norwegian at lovdata.no.

7.8 Pilot Boarding

The Norwegian Coastal Administration is responsible for the state pilotage service. Pilot bookings are made electronically in the SafeSeaNet Norway messaging service on www.shiprep.no.

For more information about the Norwegian pilot services, visit the Norwegian Coastal Administration's website kystverket.no.

See an overview of Norwegian pilot boarding areas at lovdata.no.

The Pilotage Act

The Compulsory Pilotage Regulations stipulate which vessels are subject to compulsory pilotage and the waters where the requirement applies. The compulsory pilotage requirement can be met by either employing a pilot or by use of a Pilot Exemption Certificate.

The general rule is that all vessels with a length of 70 metres or more are subject to compulsory pilotage when operating in waters within the baselines. Certain areas are nevertheless exempt from compulsory pilotage for vessels in transit to or from the pilot boarding area. For certain categories of vessels stricter rules apply, such as passenger vessels and vessels carrying dangerous and polluting cargo.

The Pilotage Act applies to Norwegian internal waters and the territorial sea, and it has also been made applicable to Svalbard.

Download the documents "Compulsory Pilotage Regulations – unofficial translation" and "Pilotage Act – unofficial translation" at kystverket.no.

Read the Pilotage Act, lospliktforskriften, in Norwegian at lovdata.no.

7.9 Ice Service

The Norwegian Coastal Administration provides the national Ice Service, which has two main tasks:

  • Provide ship traffic with updated information on ice conditions in Norwegian waters from the Swedish border to Kristiansand.
  • Icebreaking in main and secondary fairways outside port areas.

Ice reports are available from December 1 to March 31.

More information about the Norwegian ice service is available at kystverket.no.

7.10 SafeSeaNet Norway– General User Information

SafeSeaNet Norway (SSN)  is Norway's Single Window portal for ship reporting. This is a messaging service for ships arriving and departing Norwegian ports. The service is operated by the Norwegian Coastal Administration.

For supplementary information visit the Norwegian Coastal Administration's website kystverket.no.

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